Social anxiety disorder or social phobia is the fear of being judged or evaluated by people leading to fear, low self-esteem, humiliation, and stress. This quite often is mistaken for shyness or just the nervousness you get when you have to address a bunch of people. But, social anxiety disorder (SAD) is much more than shyness, particularly because of the effects it can possibly lead to. To be more clear and specific, SAD accounts for about 6.8% of diagnosed psychological disorders.
Worried about being offensive, over-cautious about the surrounding and people, and embarrassment are all common symptoms of SAD. There is no particular age-group; adults and children are all prone to SAD, particularly when they are raised in overprotective families. Reasons like a conflict in the family, bullying friends, sexual abuse, etc. can cause SAD in a kid.
Most SAD cases develop by the age of 11. 80% of the cases develop before the age of 20. About 60% of people suffering SAD are reported to be women.
The causes of SAD can be anywhere from the DNA or from what you get to see around you. 10-15% of children show signs of genetic affiliation. Sometimes, this is also caused because of the chemical imbalances that an individual goes through. A woman nearing her menopause is more likely to acquire SAD because that is when there is a drastic change in the hormone levels. Children are often influenced by what people around them say or do. Kids whose parents are always quarreling or those who are from troubled families are very much prone to SAD unless they have someone trustworthy to share the hardships.
SAD often occurs when there is a need to address a crowd, ask a question, eating or drinking in front of people, and so on. Therefore, it is always about being around people, having to be extra cautious about being judged negatively, trying to be more presentable and being less impolite. While facing such things, the individuality or the self is totally lost in the individual.
There are several different ways to get over this disorder and that includes light medication, relaxation, behavioural therapy, exposure therapy, and so on. Of all, the most crucial thing is to diagnose the disorder. Monitoring kids - their actions and changes in the way they speak or behave can easily reveal the symptoms of SAD if any.